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Journal & Law Review Articles

Gales, Tammy and Solan, Lawrence (2020).

Revisiting a Classic Problem in Statutory Interpretation: Is a Minister a Laborer? Georgia State University Law Review, Special Issue 36, 491-534.

Solan, Lawrence and Gales, Tammy (2017).

Corpus Linguistics as a Tool in Legal Interpretation. Brigham Young University Law Review 6, 1311-1358.

Gales, Tammy and Solan, Lawrence (2017).

Witness Cross-Examinations in Non-Stranger Assault Crimes: An Appraisal Analysis. Special Issue on Women in the Legal System. Language and Law / Linguagem e Direito 4(2), 108-139.

Solan, Lawrence and Gales, Tammy (2016).

Finding Ordinary Meaning in Laws: The Judge, the Dictionary, or the Corpus? International Journal of Legal Discourse 1(2), 253-276.

Gales, Tammy (2015).

Threatening Stances: A corpus analysis of realized vs. non-realized threats. Language and Law /Linguagem e Direito 2(2), 1-25.

Gales, Tammy (2015).

The Stance of Stalking: A corpus-based analysis of grammatical markers of stance in threatening communications. Corpora 10(2), 171-200. Special Issue on Forensic Linguistics.


Gales, Tammy (2011).

Identifying Interpersonal Stance in Threatening Discourse: An Appraisal Analysis. Discourse Studies 13(1), 27-46.

Gales, Tammy (2009).

‘Diversity’ as Represented in U.S. Immigration Law and Politics: A Corpus-based Approach. Discourse & Society 20(2), 223-240.

Book Chapters

Gales, Tammy (in press). 

Prison has been a proper punishment: Investigating Stance in Forensic and Legal Contexts. In M. Coulthard, A. May, and R. Sousa-Silva (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Forensic Linguistics, 2nd edition. New York: Routledge.

Gales, Tammy (2020).

Posturas de Ameaça: Análise de um Corpus de Ameaças Concretizadas e não Concretizadas (Threatening Stances: A Corpus Analysis of Realized and Non-realized Threats). In D. de Almeida, M. Coulthard, and R. Sousa-Silva (eds.) Perspectivas em Linguística Forense.

Gales, Tammy (2019).

Threatening Contexts: An Examination of Threatening Language from Linguistic, Legal, and Law Enforcement Perspectives. In M. Evans, J. O’Driscoll, and L. Jeffries (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Language in Conflict. New York: Routledge, 472-492.

Gales, Tammy (2009).

The Linguistic Barrier between Immigration and Citizenship in the U.S. In G. Extra, M. Spotti, and P. Van Avermaet (eds.) Testing Regimes: Cross-National Perspectives on Language, Migration, & Citizenship. Continuum, 191-210.

Encyclopedia Entries & Bibliographies

Gales, Tammy and Naumova, Lena (2015).

Language and Law. In M. Aronoff (ed.) Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press,


Gales, Tammy (2013).

Linguistic Analysis of Disputed Meanings: Threats. In C. Chapelle (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Wiley-Blackwell,

Abstracts & Book Reviews

Gales, Tammy (2020). Book Review.

Muschalik, J. (2018). Threatening in English. A Mixed Method Approach. John Benjamins. English Language and Linguistics, 1-7.

Gales, Tammy (2017). Book Review.

Oxburgh, G., Myklebust, T., Grant, T., and Milne, R. (eds.) (2016). Communication in Investigative and Legal Contexts. Wiley Blackwell. Language and Law / Linguagem e Direito 4(1), 196-204.

Gales, Tammy (2012). Book Review.

Goźdź-Roszkowski, S. (2011). Patterns of Linguistic Variation in American Legal English: A Corpus-based Study. Peter Lang. International Journal of Law, Language and Discourse 2(3), 91-101.


Gales, Tammy (2012). Book Review.

Kaunisto, M. (2007). Variation and Change in the Lexicon: A corpus-based analysis of adjectives in English ending in –ic and –ical. New York: Rodopi. Corpora 7(2), 215-218.

Gales, Tammy (2012). Book Review.

McGlone, M. S. and M. L. Knapp (eds.) (2010). The Interplay of Truth and Deception. Routledge. Discourse and Communication 6(3), 349-351.

Gales, Tammy (2010). Dissertation Abstract. 

Ideologies of Violence: A Corpus and Discourse Analytic Approach to Stance in Threatening Communications. University of California, Davis. Speech, Language, and the Law 17(2), 299-302.

Gales, Tammy (2010). Book Note.

Vann, R. E. (2009). Materials for the Sociolinguistic Description and Corpus-Based Study of Spanish in Barcelona. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellon Press. Language in Society 39(5), 704-705.

Akçar, Michelle and Gales, Tammy (1998).

Community Members as Classroom Resources: Connecting Arizona Classrooms and Communities. AZ-TESOL NEWS 19(2), 20-22.

Trade Publications

Biber (Gales), Tammy and Howell, Theresa (2004). 

Southwest Slow Cooking. Northland Publishing: Flagstaff, Arizona.

Gales, Tammy (ed.) (2004).

 The Ultimate Route 66 Cookbook. Northland Publishing: Flagstaff, Arizona.

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